A Sword

41. Rogue, cutter, metal,
Skrýmir, Laufi (leaf),
ale-glory, halbard
and wormstick,
leg-biter and bull
and Leifnir’s ruin,
war-bared, Hneitir (slicer)
and sea-raked.

42. Lotti (reducer), gushmaker,
stabber, seax,
hand weapon, hand grip
and Mistletoe,
steel, throe-giver and striker
and middle-decorated,4
Fetbreid (broad-track), gate-fire
and life-quencher.

43. Wavy, threaded,
corpse-pain and brand,
man, wolf,5 slaughterer,
wind-bright and torture,
ash, sorrow-wader,
sharp of edges,
swooper and hideous darter,
hall-fence, grip.

44. Inciter, head-sharp,
skull-breaker,
carrion-Gaut, army-shining
and flesh-Mímir,
wound-opener, reverser,
surf-raiser, burnished,
gleam, lacerator,
reducer, gate-fire.

45. Mimungr and death
and Speech-Witness,
treasure, corpse-enclosed,
crane, twist-stick,
trooper, millstone-biter,
beam of light, hardness,
witness, ripper,
barrier-breaker.

46. Mocker, pale-maker,
dismisser, notcher,
luckbringer, Skilfingr (trembler),
polished, tearer,
rupturer, whitey,
Bćsingr (bastard), Tyrfingr (tarry),
gobbler and hewer,
and nightbringer will be found here.

47. Fire and hand-resounding,
long-sharp and flame,
eagle and terrorizer
and Naglfari (riveted),
reclaimer, Mörnir (jabber),
breeze6 and diminisher,
blaze and long-neck,
stormy, defiler.

48. Feller, pale,
Fáfnir (embracer), piercer,
battler, reeking,
offspring, bender,
winner, polisher,
swallower, cutter and dead man,
Goin (merry), guest-Moin (moor-guest),
mocker, thunderer, Níđhöggr (mean-striker).

49. Point, blood-band
and wound-knuckles,
blood interlace, bloodcasting
and bloody eddy,
blood opening, feinter
and blood-grip,
restless caster and brand,
edge-strips, battle.

50. Howler, blade
and Ölröđ’s gift,
mark, battle-edge
and missed aim,
fringe and shaver,
under-dragger,
outlaw, Kaldhamar’s gift,
hilt and hard shoulder.

51. Sword and clamorer
and trusty nail,
clinch, victory-knob,
boss and tang,
grip, hew-father
and middle-pierce.

An Axe

52. Axe, earth-horn
and iron-blade,
opener and sideways shover,
cutter and hatchet,
power-span, Gnepja (jutter),
ogress and Fála (frightener),
spiked and bulging,
barbed axe and Vígglöđ (battle-bright),
chopper and extended,
there is the wretch’s horn,
this is the called the last word7
of the names of axes.

A Spear

53. Dart, spear and stinger,
leaning-post, lance and javelin,
swifty, pike and tirer,
halberd, carrion-blade,
throwing spear, shaft, borer,
missile, Irish halberd,
gavelock, fluke,
Gungnir, Poitier shaft.

An Arrow

54. Arrow is also shaft,
point, white-shot,
Fenja and sleet-fall,
vane, whistling shot,
fletching, bale, bolt,
spike and Hremsa (clutch),
utility vane and piercer,
equipment and shafted weapon.

55. Flying fire, swift-flyer,
grass-stalk and lancet,
mention will be made of finder
and Gusi's smithing,
Jólf’s smithings there are,
but the last word is whizzer.

A Bow

56. Elm, arc, bow,
yew and double-wood,
switch, glaring and noisy,
honorable, scooped-clanger.
And I speak the names also
of all weapons collectively:
iron, shaft and striker,
steel and spear.

A Shield

57. Shield, the beset man’s hall,
protector, hall-binder,
bender, lee-edge8
and buckler,
hand-staff, targe,
wind-horse and shelter,
wide-pale, etched thing,
battle-blithe and linden.

58. Resounding, dew-scraper
and gem-shelterer,
battle-light, stony
and battle-shelter,
cooled and board,
defiled, border,
little stern, beaky,
sheer, double boarded,
battler and roarer,
everlasting, shining,
ring, fair-dark,
carried, middle-protector.

A Helmet

59. I shall tell the terms
for Hropt’s hood:
helmet, gold-pale,
cover, slaughter-rimy,
stone-rimy, hollowed
and shelterer,
life-protector, fine-looker
and eager-brown
Hildigöltr (battle-boar), casque,
battle-crest and warmer,
cowl, frightener,
shining, dome.

A Mailshirt

60. Byrnie, arriver, helmet-ringer,
sark and close,
cold one, Finnsleif (Finn's legacy),
fare-to-battle, hold-fast, hindrance9
and blood-toy.

[4. reading ok for om

5. Possibly verr, úlfr should be amended to verrúlfr, "man-wolf."

6. blćr also appears as one of the terms for a ram.

7. Efzt can mean either "highest" or "last" - like ultimate. The same in the last line of verse 55. But presumably in verse 22, applied to Loki, it just means "last."

8. hlébarđr; also the word for leopard; see also verses 95, 98.

9. Sýn is also a goddess' name.]

 




Viđauki I.
Nafnaţulur

Sverđ.

41. Skálkr, skerkir, stúfr,
skrýmir, laufi,
öltírr, langbarđr
ok ormţvari,
leggbiti ok kýrr
ok Leifnis grand,
herberi, hneitir
ok hafrakan.

42. Lotti, hrönduđr,
lögđir, mćkir,
mönduđr, mundriđi
ok mistilteinn,
málmr, ţrór ok marr
om miđfáinn,
fetbreiđr, grindlogi
ok fjörsođnir.

43. Vćgir, veigarr,
vallangr ok brandr,
verr, úlfr, valnir,
vindbjartr ok kvöl,
askr, angrvađill,
eggjumskarpi,
svipuđr ok svipaljótr,
salgarđr, hnefi.

44. Hvati, höfuđhvessingr,
hausamölvir,
hrćvagautr, herbrái
ok holdmímir,
bensogr, brigđir,
brimir, huglognir,
skyggđir, skreyfir,
skarđr, grindlogi.

45. Mimungr ok fellir
ok málvitnir,
taurarr, hrćvarđr,
trani, vindţvari,
liđnir, kvernbiti,
ljómi, herđir,
vitnir, ýfrir,
veggjalestir.

46. Skelkvingr, fylvingr,
flćmingr, skerđingr,
skotningr, skilfingr,
sköfnungr, rifjungr,
brotningr, hvítingr,
bćsingr, tyrfingr,
hćkingr ok hingr,
hittask mun nćttingr.

47. Logi ok mundgjallr,
langhvass ok eldr,
örn ok eygir
ok naglfari,
brigđir, mörnir,
blćr ok skerđir,
hyrr ok helsingr,
hríđir, atti.

48. Fellir, fölvir,
fáfnir, raufnir,
imnir, eimnir,
afspringr, ţinurr,
sigđir, snyrtir,
svelgr, skarr ok nár,
góinn, gestmóinn,
gárr, ţrimarr, níđhöggr.

49. Oddr, blóđvarta
ok benknúar,
blóđrefill, blóđvarp
ok blóđiđa,
blóđvaka, ljúgfengr
ok blóđhnefi,
iđvarp ok brandr,
eggteinar, fólk.

50. Emjar, ţremjar
ok Ölröđarnautr,
merki, véttrim
ok missifengr,
ánn ok skafningr,
undirdregningr,
vargr, Kaldhamarsnautr,
valböst ok herđr.

51. Sverđ ok gelmingr
ok samnagli,
hugró, sigrhnođ,
hjalt ok tangi,
mundríđr, höggfáđr
ok međalkafli.

Öx.

52. Öx, jarđhyrna
ok járnsparđa,
skjáfa ok skekkja,
skráma ok genja,
reginspönn, gnepja,
gýgr ok fála,
snaga ok búlda,
barđa ok vígglöđ,
ţveita ok ţenja,
ţá er arghyrna,
hon er efzt taliđ
öxar heita.

Spjót.

53. Darr, spjót ok nöt,
döf, lenz ok vigr,
snata, fleinn ok sváf,
sviđa, hrćmćki,
geirr, spjör, nata,
gefja, kesja,
gaflak, frakka,
gungnir, peita.

Ör.

54. Ör er ok akka,
oddr, hvítmýlingr,
fenja ok drífa,
flaug, dynfara,
bösl, böl, bílda,
broddr ok hremsa,
gögnflaug ok ţrös,
gögn ok skaftsnör.

55. Flugglöđ, flugsvinn,
fífa ok skeyti,
geta skal Fenna
ok Gusissmíđis,
Jólfs smíđi er,
en efzt ţura.

Bogi.

56. Álmr, dalr, bogi,
ýr ok tvíviđr,
sveigr, glćr ok ţrymr,
sómr, skálgelmir.
Enn kvađ ek heita
öll vápn saman:
járn, ör ok slög,
ísarn ok spjör.

Skjöldr.

57. Skjöldr, ţrunginsalr,
skaunn, salbendingr,
bugnir, hlébarđr
ok buklari,
vétlimi, targa,
veđrglađr ok hlíf,
víđbleiknir, rít,
vígglađr ok lind.

58. Gjallr, döggskafi
ok gimskýlir,
böđljós, grýta
ok böđskýlir,
svalinn ok randi,
saurnir, borđi,
skuttingr, barđi,
skírr, tvíbyrđingr,
örlygr ok svarmr,
eilífnir, heiđr,
baugr, fagrbláinn,
bera, miđfjörnir.

Hjálmr.

59. Hrofts hattar skal ek
heiti segja:
hjálmr, gullfáinn,
hrönn, valhrímnir,
hallhrímnir, skólkr
ok hlífandi,
fjörnir, ţokki
ok fíkmóinn
hildigöltr, kellir,
herkumbl ok velgr,
gríma, ćgir,
glćvir, stefnir.

Brynja.

60. Brynja, kund, hjálmgöll,
hrauđ ok náin,
köld, Finnsleif,
böđfara, ţýđ, sýn
ok blóđleika.

 










 


     
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