Giants II

21. Hli, Ganglati
and Helreginn,
Hrossjfr, Durnir,
Hundlfr, Baugi,
Hrauungr, Fenrir,
Hrarr and Mii.

sir

22. Now I shall list
the sir’s names:
There are Yggr and Thor
and Yngvi-Freyr,
Varr and Baldr,
Vli and Heimdallr,
there are Tr and Njrr,
and next I list Bragi,
Hr, Forseti,
the last here is Loki.

Goddesses

23. Now shall the goddesses
all be named:
Frigg and Freyja,
Fulla and Snotra,
Gerr and Gefjon,
Gn, Lofn, Skai,
Jr and Iunn,
Ilmr,1 Bil, Njrun.

24. Hln and Nanna,
Hnoss, Rindr and Sjfn,
Sl and Sga,
Sigyn and Vr.
There is Vr, and Syn
needs to be named,
and rr and Rn
are enumerated next after them.

25. Now, Freyja wept
gold for r.
Names of hers are
Hrn and rungva,
Sr, Skjalf and Gefn,
and likewise Mardll.
Her daughters are
Hnoss and Gersimi.

Valkyries

26. And these others
are in's maidens:
Hildr and Gndul,
Hlkk, Mist, Skgul,
then are Hrund and Eir,
Hrist, and Skuld listed.
Those who shape need2
are known as norns;
Nift and Dsi
I will now name.

A Woman

27. Gentlewoman, bride, lady,
proud lady, spark,
woman, dame, female,
sweet thing, widow,
housewife, wife and sweetheart,
slender lady, matron,
bondswoman, haughty one and war-widow,
maiden and old lady.

A Man

28. Time it is to tell
the terms for men:
poets and husbands,
men and bachelors,
stallions, yeomen,
braves, males,
a company, masters
and landowners.

29. Heroes, thanes,
stalwarts, gentry,
menfolk and seamen,
soldiers, holders,
fellow travelers, a household,
a band, hardymen,
champions and men of valor,
fighters, mates.

30. Population and folk
and bosses,
troops and hosts,
the common people and hordes,
the people, dandies,
lions and travelers,
a gentle, a noble,
a great man, a sage.

31. There’s the illustrious man
and the gold-giving lord,
wealth-amassers
and show-offs,
an army and a division
and chieftains,
the nation and the county,
the assembly, the populace.

32. Now there’s the throng and the crowd,
the village, good people,
the household and servants,
the down-chinned, men of courage,
a crew and a gathering,
a garrison, dandies,
beings and "brians".

33. And there are further
terms for people,
the bodyguard and mercenaries
and housecarls,
a personal army and a couple,
if I list them all,
confidant and buddy
and counselor.

34. Housemates,
staffers,
bench-mate and acquaintance,
fellows and followers,
there are partners
and kinsmen together,
friend, hug-buddy,
the king’s guard, men.

35. Great-grandfather and relative,
grandfather, son, father,
brother, twin,
bro and sib,
baby, child, nephew
and heir,
there are full-blood brothers
and branches from the tree.

36. Offspring, clansman,
relation and kid,
gentleman and a lineage,
kinsman, a line,
youth, buddy,
in-law and secret-sharer,
clan, family line,
dependent and swain.

37. Drinking buddies
and brothers-in-law,
progeny there are
and pillar of the family,
there are council-member
and counsel-giver,
servitors, thralls,
servants, laborers,
workmen, slaves3
and serfs.

Battle

38. These are the heiti:
din and tumult,
clangor, spear-slaughter
and spear-wielding,
strife and a clash,
shield-violence and shield-stir,
the rush and the onslaught,
victory, the campaign, a fight.

39. The fray, murder and slaughter,
an attack, direful enmity and terror
clamor, shock, war,
action and a bout;
there are battle
and fate’s decision,
storm and pugnaciousness,
army-movement, a thunderclap.

A Sword

40. I will recount
the heiti for swords:
blade and Hrotti,
hewer, Dragvandil (draw-wand),
Gra (grower), Gram (wrath), screamer,
resounding and end-scored,
scythe and polisher,
honor, light ray.

[1. Ilmr or Hilmr is a word that means “a sweet smell”

2. nau, as in the rune nauiz. The word is also used in ON for bondage and childbirth.

3. Cleasby and Vigfusson vacillate on whether kefsar is cognate with German Kebsmann, "loverboy."]

 




Viauki I.
Nafnaulur

Jtnar II.

21. Hli, Ganglati
ok Helreginn,
Hrossjfr, Durnir,
Hundlfr, Baugi,
Hrauungr, Fenrir,
Hrarr ok Mii.

sir.

22. Enn skal telja
sa heiti:
ar er Yggr ok rr
ok Yngvifreyr,
Varr ok Baldr,
Vli ok Heimdallr,
er Tr ok Njrr,
tel ek nst Braga,
Hr, Forseti,
hr er efztr Loki.

synjur.

23. N skal synjur
allar nefna:
Frigg ok Freyja,
Fulla ok Snotra,
Gerr ok Gefjon,
Gn, Lofn, Skai,
Jr ok Iunn,
Ilmr, Bil, Njrun.

24. Hln ok Nanna,
Hnoss, Rindr ok Sjfn,
Sl ok Sga,
Sigyn ok Vr.
er Vr, ok Syn
verr at nefna,
en rr ok Rn
eim nst tali.

25. Grt ok at i
gulli Freyja.
Heiti eru hennar
Hrn ok rungva,
Sr, Skjalf ok Gefn,
ok it sama Mardll.
Dtr eru hennar
Hnoss ok Gersimi.

Valkyrjur.

26. Enn eru arar
ins meyjar:
Hildr ok Gndul,
Hlkk, Mist, Skgul,
er Hrund ok Eir,
Hrist, Skuld tali.
Nornir heita,
r er nau skapa,
Nift ok Dsi
n mun ek telja.

Kona.

27. Snt, brr, svanni,
svarri, sprakki,
flj, sprund, kona,
feima, ekkja,
rgr, vf ok drs,
ristill, sta,
man, svarkr ok hll,
mr ok kerling.

Mar.

28. Mr er at segja
manna heiti:
greppar ok gumnar
gumar ok drengir,
gotnar, rekkar,
garpar, seggir,
sveit, snillingar
ok slkerar.

29. Bragnar, egnar
beimar, hlar,
firar ok flotnar,
fyrar, hlar,
fruneyti, drtt,
flokkr, harmenni,
knar ok kappar,
kenpur, nautar.

30. ld ok rir
ok afarmenni,
liar ok lofar,
lr ok sagnir,
ljr, ofltar,
ljnar ok ferir,
mildingr, mringr,
mannbaldr, spekingr.

31. er glsimar
ok gullskati,
aukfingar
ok ofltar,
herr ok helmingr
ok hfingjar,
flk ok fylki,
fundr, almenning.

32. N er rng ok yss,
orp, auskatar,
drtt ok syrvar,
dnn, primenn,
sgn ok samnar,
seta, stertimenn,
fjrr ok brjnar.

33. Enn eru eftir
aldar heiti,
hir ok gestir
ok hskarlar,
inndrtt ok hjn,
ef ek allt segi,
rni ok fti
ok rgjafi.

34. Innhsingar,
aldajftar,
sessi ok mli,
serlar ok fylgir,
er flagar
ok frndr saman,
vinr, einkili,
verung, halir.

35. i ok ttungr,
afi, sonr, fair,
brir, barmi,
bli ok lifri,
j, burr, nefi
ok arfuni,
eru hlrar
ok hfubamar.

36. Nir, hleytamar,
nijungr ok barn,
konr ok kynkvsl,
kundr, ttbogi,
mgr, mlunautr,
mgr ok spjalli,
ttbamr, ttsl,
ofskft ok sveinn.

37. Sessunautar
ok sifjungar,
afspringr er
ok ttstuill,
er runautr
ok rgjafi,
jnar, rlar,
rr, nnungar,
verkmenn, kefsar
ok vlmegir.

Orrosta.

38. au eru heiti:
hjaldr ok rimma,
gll, geirah
ok geirriful,
rg ok rma,
randgrr ok stor,
svipul ok snerra,
sig, flk, jara.

39. Sta, mor ok vg,
skn, dlg ok gn
dynr, gnr, tara,
drima ok mun;
er orrosta
ok rlygi,
hr ok etja,
hergn, rima.

Sver.

40. Ek mun segja
svera heiti:
hjrr ok hrotti,
hgur, dragvandill,
gra, gramr, gellir,
gjallr ok neanskarr,
sigr ok snyrtir,
smi, skjmi.

 




 


     
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