Chapter 51 - Of Olaf king of Scots.
Olaf the Red was the name of the king in Scotland. He was Scotch on his father's side, but Danish on his mother's side, and came of the family
of Ragnar Hairy-breeks. He was a powerful prince. Scotland, as compared with England, was reckoned a third of the realm; Northumberland was reckoned a fifth
part of England; it was the northernmost county, marching with Scotland on the eastern side of the island. Formerly the Danish kings had held it. Its chief
town is York. It was in Athelstan's dominions; he had set over it two earls, the one named Alfgeir, the other Gudrek. They were set there as defenders of the
land against the inroads of Scots, Danes, and Norsemen, who harried the land much, and though they had a strong claim on the land there, because in
Northumberland nearly all the inhabitants were Danish by the father's or mother's side, and many by both.
Bretland was governed by two brothers, Hring and Adils; they were tributaries under king Athelstan, and withal had this right, that when
they were with the king in the field, they and their force should be in the van of the battle before the royal standard. These brothers were right good
warriors, but not young men.
Alfred the Great had deprived all tributary kings of name and power; they were now called earls, who had before been kings or princes. This
was maintained throughout his lifetime and his son Edward's. But Athelstan came young to the kingdom, and of him they stood less in awe. Wherefore many now
were disloyal who had before been faithful subjects.
51. kafli - Af Óláfi Skotakommgi ok jörlum.
Óláfr rauđi hét konungr á Skotlandi. Hann var skozkr at föđurkyni, en danskr at móđurkyni ok kominn af ćtt Ragnars lođbrókar. Hann var ríkr
mađr. Skotland var kallat ţriđjungr ríkis viđ England.
Norđimbraland er kallat fimmtungr Englands, ok er ţat norđast, nćst Skotlandi fyrir austan. Ţat höfđu haft at fornu Danakonungar. Jórvík er ţar höfuđstađr.
Ţat ríki átti Ađalsteinn ok hafđi sett yfir jarla tvá. Hét annarr Álfgeirr, en annarr Gođrekr. Ţeir sátu ţar til landvarnar bćđi fyrir ágangi Skota ok Dana
eđa Norđmanna, er mjök herjuđu á landit ok ţóttust eiga tilkall mikit ţar til lands, ţví at á Norđimbralandi váru ţeir einir menn, ef nökkut var til, at
danska ćtt átti at fađerni eđa móđerni, en margir hvárirtveggju.
Fyrir Bretlandi réđu brćđr tveir, Hringr ok Ađils, ok váru skattgildir undir Ađalstein konung, ok fylgđi ţat, ţá er ţeir váru í her međ konungi, at ţeir
ok ţeira liđ skyldi vera í brjósti í fylking fyrir merkjum konungs. Váru ţeir brćđr inir mestu hermenn ok eigi allungir menn.
Elfráđr inn ríki hafđi tekit alla skattkonunga af nafni ok veldi. Hétu ţeir ţá jarlar, er áđr váru konungar eđa konungasynir. Helzt ţat allt um hans ćvi
ok Játvarđar, sonar hans, en Ađalsteinn kom ungr til ríkis, ok ţótti af honum minni ógn standa. Gerđust ţá margir ótryggvir, ţeir er áđr váru ţjónustufullir.